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Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Morita Therapy on General Health and Pain Catastrophizing in Older Adult Women with Chronic Knee Pain
Behnaz Dehghan , Ali Issazadegan , Esmaeil Soleimani
Department of Psychology, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
Abstract:   (387 Views)
The concept of pain, not only as a physiological and mechanical response of neurons to stimuli but also as a more complex structure, social, behavioral, and psychological response to unpleasant stimuli, is an intellectual turning point that inspires research and therapy options. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Morita therapy on general health and pain catastrophizing in older adult women with chronic knee pain. The research method was -pre-test and post-test with a control group. The study's statistical population included older adults with chronic knee pain from May to August 2020 in Tabriz, Iran. The sample consisted of 30 female patients aged 60-70 years with chronic knee pain who entered the study by convenience sampling method and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (15 patients in each group). The research instruments included the Rosenstiel and Keefe Coping Strategy Questionnaire (CSQ) and the Goldberg 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). In the experimental group, Morita therapy was held during nine sessions for 90 minutes once a week. The results of multivariate analysis of covariance showed significant effectiveness of Morita therapy on pain catastrophizing and general health (p <.001). Compared to the control group, Morita therapy significantly reduced pain catastrophizing scores (Eta =.75) and increased the general health scores (Eta =.68). Morita therapy can help reduce pain catastrophizing, increase general health, and can be used along with other therapies.
Keywords: chronic pain, general health, pain catastrophizing, Morita therapy, older adults
     
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2023/12/29 | Revised: 2024/03/17 | Accepted: 2024/02/10
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نشریه بین المللی روانشناسی International Journal of Psychology (IPA)
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